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Traditionally thought to be primitive, sharks are in fact a highly evolved and specialised species. Image: creative commons

325-million-year-old shark fossils reveal new insight into jaw evolution


The skull of a newly discovered 325-million-year-old shark-like species suggests that early cartilaginous and bony fish have more to tell us about the early evolution of humans and other jawed vertebrates than modern sharks, as had previously...


The Langmuir trough (front) on ID10 is used for studies on liquid surfaces. This instrument, coupled with the 4m long flight tube on the left that ensures high resolution GISAXS, has made the beamline one of the most popular among users since it returned to operation in 2012. Credit: ESRF/O. Konovalov

ESRF receives record number of proposals


The European Synchrotron (ESRF) has had more applications for beamtime this year than at any other time in its 20 year history. Almost 1200 proposals have been received for experiments between August this year and April next year. The figure...


Images of Eusthenopteron and bone marrow located in the upper arm bone. Credit: S. Sanchez

Earliest evidence of limb bone marrow in the fin of a 380 million-year-old fish


A team of French and Swedish researchers present the earliest fossil evidence for the presence of bone marrow in the fin of a 380 million-year-old fish. The results are published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B on 19th March.


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Spotlight on science

Strong binding between myosin (red and purple) and actin (cyan) occurs when muscle acts as a shock absorber.

Muscle as a shock absorber


Muscle is the organ that generates force and movement in vertebrates and invertebrates. It also works as a sophisticated shock absorber that helps to absorb the energy of an impact, such as when landing from a jump or running. These so-called...


Membrane undulations were studied on a timescale from picoseconds to microseconds in response to excitation by a picosecond laser pulse.

Non-equilibrium collective dynamics in photo-excited lipid membranes


Pump-probe experiments at beamline ID09 were used by researchers from the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen to study energy dissipation in lipid bilayers.


Structure of the moss LEAFY dimer bound to a type II DNA sequence.

A promiscuous intermediate underlies the evolution of single copy transcription factors


As organisms evolve and branch out into new species, the complexity of the underlying gene regulation network expands. A multidisciplinary team used cutting edge techniques, including X-ray crystallography at beamline ID23-EH2 to elucidate...


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Key dates

Proposal deadline:
1st September 2014
LTP deadline:
15 January 2015
Review committees:
24-25 April 2014
23-24 October 2014

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