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Latest News items, Press Releases and Spotlight on Science articles

ESRF host a visit from the Italian CNR

VISIT OF DR SPINELLA_CNR PRESIDENT
10-04-2015

A delegation led by Dr. C. Spinella of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR) visited the ESRF today, 10 April 2015.

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The core of the moon revealed by synchrotron light

10-04-2015

Seismic recordings obtained by the Apollo space programme (Apollo lunar surface experiments package) provide valuable information about the inner structure of the moon. However, this data is not sufficient to determine the structure and the properties of the lunar core....

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Strong X-ray magneto-chiral dichroism in paramagnetic molecular helices

30-03-2015

Chiral systems, objects that are not superimposable on their mirror images, show differential absorption of left and right circularly polarised light. When chiral systems are also magnetic, they can adsorb unpolarised light in a different way depending on the direction...

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Diamonds have just become a scientist's best friend

16-03-2015

Diamond’s high chemical and temperature stability make it an ideal material for lenses that focus tiny but powerful synchrotron X-ray beams. However, machining diamond is very difficult because of its hardness. Scientists at the ESRF have successfully tested diamond...

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What’s going on at the centre of the Earth? Scientists think they have the answer

04-03-2015

Scientists looking for answers to questions such as ‘how did the Earth form 4.6 billion years ago?’ and ‘why do the current conditions on the Earth’s surface exist?’ have a new explanation for the way that the materials inside the Earth’s core are behaving. Examining...

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20 places up for grabs in ESRF-ILL second joint international student programme

03-03-2015

Undergraduate students are being offered the chance of four weeks invaluable experience living and working as scientists in the capital of the Alps in Grenoble, France. The joint ESRF-ILL international student summer programme is running for a second time after the...

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Interfacial magnetic coupling in oxide superconductor/ferromagnet heterostructures revealed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy

26-02-2015

Superconductivity and ferromagnetism are usually incompatible phenomena and their mutual influence is known to be a proximity effect. Using a combination of polarisation dependent X-ray absorption spectroscopy and atomically resolved electron spectromicroscopy, the...

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Young Scientist of the Year unveiled at ESRF Users' Meeting

13-02-2015

The European Synchrotron, the ESRF, has announced its 2015 Young Scientist of the Year award at the 25th annual ESRF Users' Meeting this week. (9-11 February 2015). Beatrice Ruta, a Beamline Scientist at the ESRF, was given the accolade for her published works on the...

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Universal solvent restructuring induced by colloidal nanoparticles

26-01-2015

Colloidal nanoparticles are widely used in dispersed form for consumer and industrial goods. However, little is known about the chemical environment near the particle surface. Using high-energy X-ray scattering at the ESRF, it has now been shown that nanoparticles subtly...

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Ancient books destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius ‘read’ for the very first time

20-01-2015

Writing that has lain undiscovered for centuries inside a scroll that was charred in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD has been uncovered for the first time. The text, which was written inside a so called ‘papyrus roll’ that was found in the only surviving ancient...

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Nanodiffraction imaging of impurities in atomised particles

08-01-2015

Nano X-ray diffraction computed tomography (XRD-CT) at the ESRF has been used to image the microstructure of UMo alloy atomised particles at the nanoscale. The results show that carbide impurities form during the solidification of these particles and play an important...

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Earliest photographs analysed at the ESRF

06-01-2015

Some of the earliest photographs on record have been studied at the European Synchrotron, the ESRF, by scientists trying to work out the best way to preserve them. The images were made using the first form of analogue photography available to the public, the daguerreotype...

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Coarsening and break-up revealed by X-ray microtomography of phase-separated glasses

23-12-2014

A team from ESPCI, CNRS and Saint-Gobain studied the microstructure formation in a molten silicate glass during high-temperature heat treatment using X-ray microtomography at beamline ID19. They observed the glass phase separate into two phases. Initially the phases...

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Beauty of science: phosphorus uptake by a broad bean root nodule

15-12-2014

The image shows the elemental distribution of chlorine, sulphur and phosphorus in a thin section of root nodule from the broad bean plant, Vicia faba. Root nodules are organs that developed on the roots of leguminous plants to host their symbiotic rhizobia, the bacteria...

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ESRF Council appoints new Director of Research and welcomes Russia

Jean SUSINI_Director of Research
11-12-2014

ESRF Council has appointed Jean Susini as the new Director of Research for Life Sciences. Jean replaces Bauke Dijkstra, who has held the position since September 2012. The appointment, made during the 62nd Council Meeting comes into effect from 1 January 2015, and runs...

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