News

Latest News items, Press Releases and Spotlight on Science articles

Universal solvent restructuring induced by colloidal nanoparticles

26-01-2015

Colloidal nanoparticles are widely used in dispersed form for consumer and industrial goods. However, little is known about the chemical environment near the particle surface. Using high-energy X-ray scattering at the ESRF, it has now been shown that nanoparticles subtly...

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Ancient books destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius ‘read’ for the very first time

20-01-2015

Writing that has lain undiscovered for centuries inside a scroll that was charred in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD has been uncovered for the first time. The text, which was written inside a so called ‘papyrus roll’ that was found in the only surviving ancient...

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Nanodiffraction imaging of impurities in atomised particles

08-01-2015

Nano X-ray diffraction computed tomography (XRD-CT) at the ESRF has been used to image the microstructure of UMo alloy atomised particles at the nanoscale. The results show that carbide impurities form during the solidification of these particles and play an important...

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Earliest photographs analysed at the ESRF

06-01-2015

Some of the earliest photographs on record have been studied at the European Synchrotron, the ESRF, by scientists trying to work out the best way to preserve them. The images were made using the first form of analogue photography available to the public, the daguerreotype...

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Coarsening and break-up revealed by X-ray microtomography of phase-separated glasses

23-12-2014

A team from ESPCI, CNRS and Saint-Gobain studied the microstructure formation in a molten silicate glass during high-temperature heat treatment using X-ray microtomography at beamline ID19. They observed the glass phase separate into two phases. Initially the phases...

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Beauty of science: phosphorus uptake by a broad bean root nodule

15-12-2014

The image shows the elemental distribution of chlorine, sulphur and phosphorus in a thin section of root nodule from the broad bean plant, Vicia faba. Root nodules are organs that developed on the roots of leguminous plants to host their symbiotic rhizobia, the bacteria...

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ESRF Council appoints new Director of Research and welcomes Russia

Jean SUSINI_Director of Research
11-12-2014

ESRF Council has appointed Jean Susini as the new Director of Research for Life Sciences. Jean replaces Bauke Dijkstra, who has held the position since September 2012. The appointment, made during the 62nd Council Meeting comes into effect from 1 January 2015, and runs...

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Jumping crystals: the structural details of their impressive motility revealed by in situ X-ray powder diffraction

08-12-2014

Certain crystals, when taken through a phase transition, are dramatically self-actuated and jump abruptly to release the internal strain, leaping to distances many times their own size. This rare phenomenon of “jumping crystals”, known as the thermosalient effect, was...

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December edition of ESRF News - out now

05-12-2014

The latest version of ESRF News is out now and the focus of the quarterly publication this time is on industry. Inside the December edition, find out how industry is using the ESRF for oil recovery and catalysis work, plus discover news of three ESRF awards.

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After 40 years, the first complete picture of a key flu virus machine is revealed

24-11-2014

The European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) has produced the first complete picture of a key flu virus machine using data gathered at the European Synchrotron, the ESRF. The results, published in two papers in Nature (19 November 2014) could prove instrumental...

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Size matters – bigger and better instruments unveiled at the ESRF, including a world first!

INAUGURATION ID30A
07-11-2014

The world’s first fully automated beamline for academic users and an instrument that weighs three tons but can be rotated a hundred degrees with a push from a single finger have been unveiled as part of the European Synchrotron’s Phase I Upgrade. Three new experimental...

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Bone tissue mass density is determined by the canalicular network morphology

07-11-2014

Phase-contrast based X-ray imaging techniques at the nanoscale were used by a team of European researchers to gain new insight into mineral exchange at the interface between the bone-cell network and the surrounding mineralised matrix of human bone tissue.

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Crossed Ga2O3/SnO2 multiwire architecture: a study of local structure with nanometre resolution

27-10-2014

Crossed nanowire structures are the basis for the high-density integration of a variety of nanodevices. The intersections of the nanowires play a critical role in creating hybrid architectures, therefore a nanometre-scale investigation of the local structure within...

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The shell of Giant Mediterranean fan mussel provides new insights into biomineralisation

23-10-2014

Scientists have followed the growth process of a giant Mediterranean fan mussel by creating a 3D reconstruction of part of its shell, using X-rays at the European Synchrotron, the ESRF. The study of the mollusk has revealed fundamental detail about how the shell forms,...

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ESRF welcomes hundreds for Fête de la Science open day

20-10-2014

Hundreds of people visited the European Synchrotron, the ESRF, over the weekend as part of Fête de la Science. The facility, along with the Institute Laue-Langevin, which is on the same site in Grenoble, opened its doors to members of the public during the three week...

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