Synchrotrons provide flexible, powerful methods for learning about the structure and behaviour of matter at the molecular and atomic level.
A synchrotron is a stadium-sized machine that produces many beams of bright X-ray light. Each beam is guided through a set of lenses and instruments called a beamline, where the X-rays illuminate and interact with samples of material being studied. Many countries operate synchrotrons—there are 10 in Europe alone—but only four worldwide are similar to the ESRF in terms of design and power.
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