Study of the local structure of alkali oxides using X-ray Raman Scattering

QUICK INFORMATION
Type
Seminar
Start Date
02-12-2019 09:00
End Date
02-12-2019 10:00
Location
Room 337, Central Building
Speaker's name
Emmanuelle de CLERMONT GALLERANDE
Speaker's institute
IMPMC, Paris
Contact name
Claudine Roméro
Host name
Christoph Sahle
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The oxygen is an abundant element on Earth, which is able to make oxide by bonding with many other elements. Among the diverse oxides, alkali borates and silicates are studied in many scientific fields for their properties, which requires to improve the understanding of both their crystalline and vitreous structures. X-ray Raman Scattering (XRS) is an adequate technique to study the local structure of those compounds as it allows measurements carried out on light elements even using a complex sample environment, like high-pressure or high-temperature device. XRS requires the development of theoretical tools in order to interpret the experimental spectra, we have thus developed a computational code to simulate XRS spectra at K edges. A good agreement between theoretical and experimental spectra at all the edges of references compounds composed of light elements was found, allowing us to use this code to interpret data on alkali borates and silicates. We mainly focused on the oxygen local environment in alkali borates and silicate in order to understand the local and medium range order of the structure of vitreous compounds using crystalline compounds as references. We manage to evidence some specific spectral signature related to the symmetry of the oxygen environment. Some spectral signature can be followed during in situ high-pressure measurements as they give information on the compounds behavior under pressure and the structural changes it undergoes. Using those spectral signatures, we were able to follow the behavior of two lithium borates under pressure and to come up with a densification mechanism depending on the structural oxygen packing.

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