Sample environments

Cooling systems

Helium cryostat (ILL orange type)


  • Temperature range: 4-300K
  • Atmosphere: helium
  • Sample type: pellets, frozzen liquids, 5 samples per sample holder
  • Sample preparation: read tutorial or OrangeCryostat_SamplePreparation.png



High pressure / high temperature

HP vessel

  • Pressure range: 1-2000 bar
  • Temperature range: 20-1500°C
  • Internal cell: vitrous carbon
  • More information.


Diamond Anvil Cells & Hydrothermal Cells

  • From the users.




HT reaction cell for operando characterizations

  • Pressure range: atmospheric pressure
  • Temperature range: 20-1000°C
  • Internal cell: vitreous carbon
  • Detection: Transmission and fluorescence
  • More information.

Remote controlled gas distribution system

  • Able to mix up to five different gases
  • 4-way valve for venting and reaction paths
  • Fully remote controlled by a PC

Cell for air sensitive samples

  • Able to hold up to five pellets
  • Vacuum or inert atmosphere
  • For transmission and fluorescence analysis

Mass spectrometer

  • Two capillary entries
  • Quantitative measurement up to 64 species simultaneously
  • Detection level as low as ppb

Gas blower furnace

  • Maximum temperature: 1000°C
  • Atmosphere: nitrogen
  • Borrowed from the ESRF sample environment loan pool.


Other sample environments

On the classical XAS station, any system weighting less than 100 kg, with convenient windows, can be used, after discussion with us and the safety group. On the two other stations, space and supported weight are much more limited.