Heterogeneous devices such as fuel cells, solar cells, rechargeable batteries and catalytic materials can only be studied under operation conditions adequately by a combination of experimental methods in order to reveal the interplay between the microscopic material properties and the macroscopic device performances.
ID31 offers a portfolio of hard X-ray characterisation techniques including
wide and small angle diffraction both in
transmission and grazing incidence geometry
- imaging methods
- auxiliary techniques
coupled with a great versatility in choosing beam sizes, energy and energy-band.
At a moment the beamline is under commissioning and it will welcome its first users in autumn 2015.