The SXM is designed for use over a relatively wide spectral range from 2 - 9.2 keV giving access to absorption edges from a wide range of elements of interest in life, materials and environmental sciences. For further details, please see the following periodic table. The microscope is designed to accept, apart from conventional absorption contrast imaging, a variety of complementary imaging modes, in particular spectromicroscopy using both fluorescence imaging and scanning of the primary X-ray probe energy for XANES imaging. The SXM itself works comparable to the different known scanning microscopes: The source - in this case the storage ring radiation emitted by the insertion device - is demagnified by a zone plate or a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirrors system into a focal spot with a diameter below 1 micron. The sample is aligned in the focal plane of the focusing optics and is scanned across the focal spot. The different signals from interaction of X-rays with matter like fluorescence, absorption or XAS can be detected with high spatial resolution.
Life science (imaging of trace metals in biological samples, medicine...)
Environmental science (soils, plants, geology with problems of pollution, phytoremediation...)
Cultural Heritage (rediscovering lost artistic processes, understanding alteration mechanisms)
Material science (solar cells, glasses...)
Micro-X-ray absorption spectroscopy